Co. A, 1st N.J. Inf.
American Civil War
Uzal Hand Trowbridge
Born: June 7, 1839, New Providence, Essex Co., New Jersey
Died: June 27,1862, Gaines Mill, Prince William, Hanover Co., Virginia
Trowbridge & Clarissa Hand
Buried: New Providence Presbyterian Churchyard, New
Providence, Union Co., New Jersey
Find A Grave Memorial: 12251191
Cause of Death: killed at the Battle of Gaines Mill or First Cold
Military Service: Union Army, Company A, 1st New Jersey Infantry,
American Civil War
The headstone of Uzal Hand Trowbridge at the New Providence
Church Cemetery in New Providence, NJ. Picture taken by
"TomKat" at Find
H. Trowbridge enlisted in the Union Army on May 16, 1861 for a three
year tour of duty. The following year he was
the Battle of Gaines Mills, Virginia on
June 27, 1862, also
as the First Battle of Cold Harbor. The following is a summary of the
battle from the
National Park Service Civil War battlefields website
Other Names: First Cold Harbor
Location: Hanover County
Campaign: Peninsula Campaign (March-September 1862)
Date: June 27, 1862
Principal Commanders: Brig. Gen. Fitz John Porter [US]; Gen. Robert E.
Forces Engaged: 91,232 total (US 34,214; CS 57,018)
Estimated Casualties: 15,500 total (US 6,800; CS 8,700)
This was the third of the Seven Days Battles. On June 27, 1862, Gen.
Robert E. Lee renewed his attacks against Porter's V Corps, which had
established a strong defensive line behind Boatswain's Swamp. north of
the Chickahominy River. Porter’s reinforced V Corps held fast for the
afternoon against disjointed Confederate attacks, inflicting heavy
casualties. At dusk, the Confederates finally mounted a coordinated
assault that broke Porter’s line and drove his soldiers back toward the
river. The Federals retreated across the river during the night. Defeat
at Gaines’ Mill convinced McClellan to abandon his advance on Richmond
and begin the retreat to James River. Gaines’ Mill saved Richmond for
the Confederacy in 1862.
Result(s): Confederate victory.
There is more
information about Uzal H. Trowbridge at the very excellent genealogy
blog, written by a descendent of
Uzal's sister Francis Trowbridge Woodruff at
Off the Old Block.