Ancestors of Agnes Prowse

Generation No. 1

1. Agnes Prowse, born April 14, 1576 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died June 06, 1622 in Taunton, Somerset, England. She was the daughter of 2. John Prowse and 3. Elizabeth Colwick. She married (1) John Trowbridge July 31, 1597 in St. Peter's Church, Tiverton, Devon, England. He was the son of Thomas Trowbridge and Joan Lawrence alias Hutchin.
Notes for Agnes Prowse:
When Agnes Prowse married John Trowbridge, the marriage was preceded by a settlement made by Thomas Trowbridge (Sr.) which granted Agnes an annuity of L30 for life issuing from all his lands at Rowbarton, occupied by his mother-in-law, Alice Hutchings, for her life. On the same day, John was admitted to a life interest in his father's properties at Obridge and Staplegrove and Pyrland, partly occupied by Thomas' wife Johane (nee Hutchings). Agnes' marriage took place at St. Peters, Tiverton, July 31, 1597, 13 1/2 months before her father's death. (The Gen., op. cit., p.13, Appendix G p. 25).
Agnes Prowse Trowbridge's ancestry has been proven back to the Emperor CHARLEMAGNE. Her lineage is attached.
Notes for John Trowbridge:
John Trowbridge was even more prominent than his father. He was a wool merchant and had a shop next to his father on Fore Street. Monies collected in 1611 for the relief of plague victims at Minehead and Dunster were brought to his house, and in 1625 he supervised the repair of the Taunton House of Correction, and provided a field at West Monkton for tents to quarantine travellers suspected of bringing the plague from London to Taunton. He was regularily churchwarden of St. Mary Magdalen, twice mayor of Taunton (1629-30 and 1637-8), and traded with London and Bristol.
ABSTRACTED DETAILS OF THE WILL OF JOHN TROWBRIDGE
The will of John Trowbridge of Taunton, woolendraper, published by word of mouth on 1 July 1649 in the presence of George Serle, esq., and Thomas Trowbridge, his son, and John Trowbridge, his grandchild. He left to his eldest son Thomas Trowbridge his messuage and tenement near Barthpoole Bridge in the parish of West Monkton, occupied by Henry Beale, to hold to Thomas for the remainder of his term therein after the deaths of the testator and Alice his wife. To his son Thomas his land in Stogursey, viz., certain tenements from which the testator received high rent. All his goods and chattels he left to his son Thomas whom he made sole executor. The will was proved on 25 Feb. 1649/50.
The will of John Trowbridge is found at the Public Record Office in London. The complete text can be found under ref. P.C.C. 32 Pembroke, Prob. 11/211.
Proof: (The Gen., op. cit., p. 13; "The Trowbridge Ancestry in England" by Donald Lines Jacobus," THE AMERICAN GENEALOGIST", 18:3, pps. 129-137)

Children of Agnes Prowse and John Trowbridge are:

i. Thomas Trowbridge, born April 1598 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng. (Bp. St. Mary Magdalene Ch); died February 07, 1672/73 in Taunton, Somerset, England; married Elizabeth Marshall March 24, 1626/27 in St. Mary's arches, Exeter, Devon, England.
Notes for Thomas Trowbridge:
As a young man, Thomas Trowbridge settled in Exeter where he was engaged in business as a wool mercer. He became a member of the powerful Merchants and Adventurer's Guild. His wife Elizabeth Marshall's father, John Marshall, was Sheriff, Alderman and Mayor of Exeter (1615) and her grandfather, Richard Bevys (Beavis), was Mayor of Exeter from 1600 - 1603 when he died in office. John Marshall, in addition to his political offices, was a successful merchant. It was probably through his connections that Thomas was able to gain entrance to this Guild.
Possibly, in hopes of furthering his fortune, Thomas decided to take his family to America to set up his business there. He apparently did not intend to make the American Colonies his home because he left his oldest son, John, with his father in Taunton. He landed his family at Dorchester, MA. in about 1636. He and his wife are noted in Dorchester church records as "Mr. and Mrs." Trowbridge, a distinction confined at that time to persons of established gentility. His wife was a member of the Dorchester church in 1637-38 and their youngest son, James, was baptized there. Thomas and Elizabeth must have found it a considerable hardship to live in the newly settled town of Dorchester, accustomed as they were to the comforts of a city like Exeter. Additionally, there was considerable friction among differing factions within the church.
Thomas and his family left Dorchester in about 1638 and moved to the New Haven Plantation. His name does not appear among those subscribed to the articles of agreement at the organization of the church or body politic there in June, 1639. He may have been absent from New Haven at the time or, as this Fundamental Agreement, as it was afterward called, required that "church members only shall be free burgesses". He may not have been eligible to sign it for there is no evidence that he ever severed his connections with the Church of England and became a member of the Puritan Church.
New Haven records nearly always recorded his name with the prefix, "Mr." In the list of Proprietors of the Plantation in 1641, he was credited with five heads in his family. They were: himself, his wife and three sons, Thomas, William and James. His estate was given as 500 pounds, a large sum for that place and time and it was among the larger of the 123 estates mentioned in the listing.
He appeared to have spent very little time in New Haven, making several voyages to Barbados and England in pursuit of his business. His wife died in about 1641, possibly in the spring or summer. He returned to England at about this time, possibly to settle her estate and intended to send for his sons at a later date. No record has been found proving the exact date he left but it was before the fall of 1641. When he returned to Taunton he got caught up in the English Civil War which started about that time. He served as a Captain in the Parlimentary Troops, serving under Colonel Blake in the defence of Taunton. He never returned to America.
Some sources say that he married his first cousin, Frances Godsall, widow Shattuck, daughter of his aunt Dorothie Trowbridge Godsall in England in February, 1640. The author questions whether this assumption is correct. There was another Thomas Trowbridge mentioned in the 1620 will of Thomas Trowbridge, the Elder, as a nephew. It is logical to assume that this latter Thomas was probably the man who married Frances in 1640, he being possibly an elderly man and she a middle aged widow.
During his final absence Thomas left his sons under the care of his steward, Henry Gibbons, who appeared to be an unfaithful servant who seized Thomas' property and deserted the three boys. Town records show where the boys were declared wards of the Colony in November, 1641 and the court placed them under the care of a nearby neighbor, Sergeant Thomas Jeffreys and his wife, who took them into their home to rear and educate until "such time as their father shall come over or send to take order concerning them." Thomas regularily corresponded from England to the authorities in New Haven to bring Gibbons to an account for his breach of trust, but Gibbons kept the property for many years. When his sons became of age, Thomas gave them power of attorney to regain his property from Gibbons. The sons sued Gibbons and were successful in reclaiming their father's estate in 1680 which he had previously given them on a share and share alike basis. Gibbons died without any children in 1686.
Proof: (The Gen., op. cit., p. 13; "THE TROWBRIDGE ANCESTRY IN ENGLAND" by Donald Lines Jacobus, "THE AMERICAN GENEALOGIST", 18:3, pps. 129-137)
Notes for Elizabeth Marshall:
Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Trowbridge and mother of his children, was baptized at St. Mary Arches Church, Exeter, March 24, 1562. She was a member of a family at the center of commercial and civic power in the cathedral city. This was amply set forth in 1905 in an article by Emory McClintock, "Thomas Trowbridge and Elizabeth Marshall", NEHGR 59:291-97 (1905). Elizabeth's father, the Alderman John Marshall, Mayor in 1615, died before his daughter's marriage. Elizabeth's lineage has been traced back through her mother's ancestry to Lawrence Prowse, born in 1480, son of John Prowse and Joan Orchard and brother of Richard Prowse, an ancestor of Elizabeth's mother-in-law, Agnes Prowse Trowbridge.
ii. Elizabeth Trowbridge, born February 08, 1598/99 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; married John Hurley June 02, 1616 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng..
iii. John Trowbridge, born May 31, 1601 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng. (Bp. St. Mary Magdalene Ch); died Abt. March 1630/31 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; married Judith Rose Bet. 1626 - 1627 in Taunton, Somerset, England.
iv. Prudence Trowbridge, born February 03, 1602/03 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng. (Bp. St. Mary Magdalene Ch); married William Mace July 01, 1621 in Exeter, Devon, England.
v. Agnes Trowbridge, born February 10, 1604/05 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.,(Bp. St. Mary Magdalene Ch); married (1) Charles Wither December 13, 1629 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; married (2) Robert Moggridge April 22, 1632 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng..
Notes for Robert Moggridge:
Robert Moggridge was a prominant merchant of Taunton and was its mayor in 1635.
vi. William Trowbridge, born March 20, 1607/08 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng. (Bp. St. Mary Magdalene Ch); died March 27, 1616 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng..
vii. James Trowbridge, born December 03, 1609 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; died October 22, 1638.
viii. Joan Trowbridge, born May 21, 1612 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; died October 14, 1616 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng..
ix. Tacy Trowbridge, born May 07, 1615 in Taunton, Somerset, Eng.; married Aldred Seaman January 01, 1637/38.


Generation No. 2

2. John Prowse, born Abt. 1547 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died September 11, 1598 in Tiverton, Devon, England. He was the son of 4. John Prowse and 5. Alice White. He married 3. Elizabeth Colwick June 01, 1567 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
3. Elizabeth Colwick, born Abt. 1546 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died Aft. 1576 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
Notes for John Prowse:
John Prowse, II, gentleman of Tiverton, who, according to his father's Inq. p.m.., was 59(?) at his death, received from feoffees the large Plymouth manor of Western Peverel, worth by the year, L18.7.2., with Chevythorn and Tiverton property worth a further L5.10. But at John II's own death, September 11, 1598, his Inq. p.m., taken in 1601, showed that, by then, all the property was tied by entail upon descendants and relatives with tenure for life. John married, June 1, 1567, Elizabeth, heir to her father Robert Colwick, merchant taylor and clothier, lord of the manor of West Mere, Tiverton, whose wife and mother of Elizabeth, his heir, was Richarda Gover, a widow, whose first husband and parentage has not been established. Robert was buried at St. Peter's, Tiverton, on August 8, 1564. His long PCC will revealed property in Devon and London. (The Gen., op. cit., p. 12).

Child of John Prowse and Elizabeth Colwick is:

1 i. Agnes Prowse, born April 14, 1576 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died June 06, 1622 in Taunton, Somerset, England; married John Trowbridge July 31, 1597 in St. Peter's Church, Tiverton, Devon, England.


Generation No. 3

4. John Prowse, born Abt. 1502 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died September 03, 1585 in Tiverton, Devon, England. He was the son of 8. Robert Prowse and 9. Christian. He married 5. Alice White 1536 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
5. Alice White, born Abt. 1520 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died August 13, 1583 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
Notes for John Prowse:
John Prowse, clothier, son and heir, inherited copyhold land in the manor of Chevythorn, Tiverton, from his father, which he granted to his brother, Robert, of age in 1524 when he was taxed on L2 worth of goods; by 1546, he paid tax in Tiverton on over L40. At his death he left five manors in Devon and Cornwall with much of his other property, by fine, entailed for his five sons. His wife, Alice White, was given as an heiress in Tiverton; she was perhaps the dau. of Christopher Whyte, taxed on L10 of goods in 1546. His memorial slab in St. Peter's Church, Tiverton, reads: "Here lyeth John Prowse, Merchante, who departed the third daye of September 1585. And Alice his wyfe which he had in marriage 47 years, who departed the 13th daye of August ano dni 1583". (The Gen., cit., ibid.).

Child of John Prowse and Alice White is:

2 i. John Prowse, born Abt. 1547 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died September 11, 1598 in Tiverton, Devon, England; married Elizabeth Colwick June 01, 1567 in Tiverton, Devon, England.


Generation No. 4

8. Robert Prowse, born Abt. 1475 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died August 06, 1529 in Tiverton, Devon, England. He was the son of 16. John Prowse and 17. Joan Orchard. He married 9. Christian.
9. Christian, died Aft. 1516 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
Notes for Robert Prowse:
Robert Prowse was founder of the Tiverton , Devon, branch. He was named as younger son of John and Joan Orchard in Pole's "Description". His Prowse shield of Arms, with 4th son's martlet for difference, hung in St. Peter's Church, Tiverton, where he and Christian are buried, according to the will of his younger son Robert. Henry VIII's general pardon, at his accession, named Robert, Sr. as of Chevithorn Manor. The lord of this until 1475 was Phillip Champerown, whose daughter mothered Sir Walter Raleigh and Sir Humphrey Gilbert. The overlord was the Earl of Westmorland. Robert was feoffee of a Tiverton charitable trust, which revealed his death before 1529. He paid tax on "goods" totaling L70 in Chagford, Tiverton and Kenton in 1524.
Robert's granddaughter was Richarda Prowse Gifford, Lady of Tiverton Castle. A deed to a Chevythorn parcel of land, 1589, revealed that her grandfather was "Robert, son of John Prowse of Chagford". Richard's brother, George Prowse, of Wellington, Somerset, signed the Visitation pedigree with Prowse quarterings down to Orchard, inclusive. (Cal. Pat. R. 8 Hen. 8.; The Gen., cit., p.ibid.).

Children of Robert Prowse and Christian are:

4 i. John Prowse, born Abt. 1502 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died September 03, 1585 in Tiverton, Devon, England; married Alice White 1536 in Tiverton, Devon, England.
ii. Robert Prowse.


Generation No. 5

16. John Prowse, born 1436 in Chagford, Devon, England; died September 24, 1526 in Tiverton, Devon, England. He was the son of 32. Richard Prowse and 33. Margaret Norton. He married 17. Joan Orchard Abt. 1467.
17. Joan Orchard, born Abt. 1438 in Chagford, Devon, England. She was the daughter of 34. John Orchard and 35. Agnes Crouche.
Notes for John Prowse:
John Prowse, Lord of Chagford, m. abt 1467, Joan Orchard, dau. of John Orchard, d. 1480, 'custos rotularum' for Devon under Edward IV. Three published Inq. P.M.'s cover his heritage, and that of his other wife, Joan Calwoody, and son, William, who d.s.p. The ultimate heir to N. Devon holdings in Northam, Bydeford, Abbottsham, and Dedescombe in Bampton was John Prowse's son and heir Lawrence. (The Gen., cit., pp. 11-12).
Notes for Joan Orchard:
Dau. and heir of John Orchard of Combe Martin, Devon.

Children of John Prowse and Joan Orchard are:
i. Joan Prowse, born Abt. 1469 in Chagford, Devon, England.
ii. Lawrence Prowse, born 1470 in Chagford, Devon, England; died September 24, 1526 in Chagford, Devon, England; married Agnes Cole.
Notes for Lawrence Prowse:
Lawrence Prowse was the ultimate heir to his father's N. Devon holdings in Northam, Bydeford, Abbottesham and Dodescombein Bampton. (The Gen., cit., pp. 11-12).
iii. Ann Prowse, born Abt. 1472.
iv. Bartholomew Prowse, born Abt. 1473.
v. Christopher Prowse, born Abt. 1474.
8 vi.Robert Prowse, born Abt. 1475 in Tiverton, Devon, England; died August 06, 1529 in Tiverton, Devon, England; married Christian.
vii. Patrick Prowse, born Abt. 1476.
viii. John Prowse, born Abt. 1478.
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